Low blood pressure (hypotension)

Contrary to high blood pressure, low blood pressure is not life-threatening and does not cause any other potentially serious diseases. It also provides protection against many cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attack or stroke.

Nonetheless, persons with low blood pressure (arterial hypotension) may have complaints as well, under which they may suffer very much some times: dizzy spells, disturbances of concentrations and tiredness may be potential symptoms. In addition, the mental performance may also be affected. Healthy persons suffering from low blood pressure may have problems concentrating and may react slower.

The so-called primary (essential) hypotension is the most frequent form of low blood pressure and has not been classified as a disease. It occurs primarily in younger women, in particular, if this feature is a trait in the family.

Basically, low blood pressure is a measured value only - and no disease. The World Health Organisation WHO has defined a blood pressure of below 100 / 60 mmHg in women and less than 110 / 70 mmHg in men as low blood pressure (arterial hypotension). However, it depends on the person whether complaints occur with these values. Especially sensitive persons may suffer from dizziness and light-headedness in case of higher values as well.